The South Urals. Woodlands. 8 form
Методическая разработка урока в 8классе.
Тема: “ Моя прекрасная родина. Леса родного края ”
1. Развивать коммуникативную компетенцию учащихся в сфере устной монологической речи.
2. Развивать коммуникативную компетенцию учащихся в сфере письменной речи ( личное письмо- описание ).
3 . Познакомить учащихся с природными достопримечательностями Челябинской области, ее лесами и национальными парками.
1. Расширить активный словарный запас учащихся за счет включения следующих словарных единиц по теме “Экотуризм”: a slope, a pine, a fir, a larch, a lime, timber, a cone, a boletus, a honey agaric, a badger, a trot, a marten.
2. Научить школьников рассказывать о природных достопримечательностях Челябинской области, ее лесах и национальных парках.
3. Продолжить формировать умения школьников по написанию личных писем.
Lead – in .
Brainstorm. What beautiful places in Chelyabinsk region do you know?
Name as many as you can.
What are the Urals famous for? Do you agree that landscapes in our region are made by the Nature itself? What are the components of these landscapes?
Look at the pictures. Do you know what trees are given in them? They are pines, birches and larches. Who can tell me where in the region they can be found? You surely visit such forests regularly. But do you know the difference between common woods and natural parks? What makes these places special? Why do you prefer going there?
Read the text about the woods in our region and their types and be ready to name them. But before that, be sure to name these words in Russian:
a pine a boletus
a fir a honey agaric
a lime a badger
a larch a trot
a slope a marten
THE SOUTH URALS. WOODLANDS.
Somewhere in the highlands near Ust- Katav there are pine-trees which probably appeared in the days of Pushkin, and they are the best we have. We also have fir-groves near Nyazepetrovsk, the Lime-tree Mountain near Asha, the Long Fir-Grove and elm-trees on the shores of the Zyuratkul, and the larches of the Arakul. It is a familiar sight: the trees climbing the slopes, keeping vertical. The mountains mean woods. The plains are poorer in this sense, but you will never find a village in the South Urals around which there are no birches. They are everywhere.
The Uryenga Mountain Ridge gives shelter to dwarf-pines; they are only as tall as a man. Sometimes they are even smaller and their year-rings are only visible under a microscope. One of the pines was calculated by I. Orlov, to be 226 years old, but at the same time it was only 4.5 cm thick and 1.4 m high. Even a pine cannot gain weight on stone, in the wind, living a hungry life. It is just the spirit and body for which the timber from such highland is valued. It is tough, strong and well-tempered. It cannot be compared to friable stacks of pines from the plains. They say the timber of the dry steppes is also strong; the suffering gives strength.
What is a real pine? Yes, this is a beautiful pine. It is the best in the pine-woods but there is something else. It’s an ideal and perfection. This might be a ripe pine-tree, but without any signs of age. It is not less than thirty metres high. Its crown is under the skies, much higher than anything else; the trunk is slender, smooth, flexible and resounding. It does not make a cone above, but withholds the thickness of the tree. Why is this pine better than any others? There are hundreds of them and everyone is a genetic wonder. You can see it; they are different from the others.
There is a barrier and a station near the Magnitka settlement. To the South there is the border, near Tyulyuk, and in between there is the Zyuratkul, the Zyuratkul Ridge, and the ridges of Nurgush and Moscal. There are other hills which which form the Zyuratkul National Park. You cannot call it an inhabited place: people are rare, the beasts are many. They have calculated that there are 730 hares, 10 trots, 70 martens, 20 badgers, 100 minks, 25 foxes, 30 wild goats, 246 elks, and 24 bears in the territory of the Park. There are more than a dozen wolves, but they come and go.
There are steppes, birch woods and suddenly you see an island of pines. They call such islands of pines “ the belts ” and they are scattered on the plains of the region.
If we follow the route to the south from Chelyabinsk, we shall see the Kichigin Pine-Forest, then the Sanar Pine-Forest, then Jabyk-Karagay Forest and still deep to the south we face the Bredy Pine-Forest. There are several pine forests on the way from Chebarkul to Verkhneuralsk, and the Varlamovo Pine-Forest is somewhere in between. This route will help the traveller to appreciate the contrast when passing from hot steppes and warm winds into the chilly darkness of pine-woods with their resin odours.
They are different these pine-woods. The Varlamovo Pine-Forest is surrounded by rivers and the Uvelka river flows through it. The Jabyk-Karagay Pine-Forest, however, is dry. A dozen rivers start on its edges and scatter around - there are even several dry rivers, which are shown by dots on the map – and only the Kartaly-Ayat has the courage to enter the depths of the pine-forest. The Varlamovo Pine Forest rests on a strong stone foundation; the Jabyk-Karagay Pine-Forest grows on stone plates. The island pine-forests prefer the granites or sand. The Khomutino Pine-Forest rest on sands.
Everybody has his own favourite mushroom fields. They say you can find boletus near the Argazi lake, white mushrooms in the Sanar Pine-Forest, honey agarics on the shores of the Shantrapai lake. There are mushroomy birch-groves near Plast, Chebarkul, Kasli. Many mushrooms are wasted in the mountains. There is not a place where you would fail to find mushrooms. Even in the draughty woods near Bredy, if the summer is rainy enough, you will find mushrooms aplenty. Though mushrooms are common things, not everything is quite straight-forward with them. People keep saying that with the passing years they are becoming more rare. However, nobody has yet managed to prove this, though the harvests differ year to year, and even during a good season mushrooms might be plentiful or not.
Now look through the text again and match the names of the trees with the places they can be found at :
the Jabyk-Karagay ….. - Forest
the Sanar - ….. Forest
the ….. – groves near Plast, Chebarkul,
the ….. of the Arakul
the Long ….. – Grove and ….. – trees
on the shores of the Zyuratkul
the ….. – tree Mountain near Asha
….. – groves near Nyazepetrovsk
Now that you’ve read the text, what, in your opinion, makes a real pine so beautiful? Write down 5 sentences as an answer to this question.
Groups of 4. Imagine that your pal-friend from Australia is coming on a visit to Chelyabinsk. You and your groupmates are going to show him/her the most beautiful places in our region, including the Uryenga Mountain Ridge and the Zyuratkul National Park. In the groups decide what information you will include in your story to make it interesting. Do not forget to mention the fauna of these places. When the story is ready, choose one person from your group to tell it to the class.
Write a letter to a foreign friend to persuade him/her come and see the South Urals and especially our woodlands. Remember to write your address and date in the upper right-hand corner. Begin your letter like this:
I am so happy that you are coming to visit me in Chlyabinsk. There are so many beautiful places in our region. I hope you’ll see as many of them as it is possible. But one of the first places we must go are our national parks and woods. They are …………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
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Автор: Майбога Наталья Владимировна
31.01.2013 1581 475